Matarazzo, Raffaello

(1906-1966)
   Director and screen-writer. Probably best remembered for the series of extremely popular heart-tugging melodramas he directed in the 1950s, Matarazzo had begun his career in cinema as a film critic writing for, among others, Alessandro Blasetti's journal, Cinematografo. Together with Blasetti and others who were connected with the journal, Matarazzo joined the revived Cines studio during Emilio Cecchi's period as artistic director and with Cecchi's encouragement began working as a screenwriter while also making several documentaries in the Cines series, among them Mussolinia di Sardegna (1933) and Littoria (1933). His first solo feature was Treno popolare (People's Train, 1933), a charming fictional travelogue to Orvieto, often regarded as a distant forerunner of neorealism, also notable as the first film scored by composer Nino Rota. This promising debut was followed by a number of light situation comedies and what came to be known as white telephone films, the best of which was L'Avventuriera del piano di sopra (The Adventuress from the Floor Above, 1941), which ably employed the talents of Vittorio De Sica and Clara Calamai in the leading roles.
   After the war, Matarazzo directed Fumeria d'oppio (Opium Den, 1947), a promising but ultimately unsuccessful attempt at reviving the Za-la-Mort character who had been made so famous by Emilio Ghione during the silent era (Ghione's son starred in the film). This was followed by Paolo e Francesca (Paolo and Francesca, 1949), a competent enough adaptation of one of the most famous episodes from Dante's Inferno. In the same year, however, Matarazzo finally struck box office gold with Catene (Chains, 1949), the first of a long line of enormously popular tear-jerking melodramas featuring the romantic couple Amedeo Nazzari and Yvonne Sanson. Over the next decade he continued his run of box office successes with Figli di Nessuno (Nobody's Children, 1951), Chi e senza peccato (Whoever Is Without Sin, 1952), Angelo Bianco (The White Angel, 1955), and Malinconico autunno (Melancholic Autumn, 1959). By the early 1960s, however, with interest in the genre fading, his own star also waned and his last film, Amore mio (My Love, 1964), passed largely unnoticed.
   Historical Dictionary of Italian Cinema by Alberto Mira

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • Matarazzo, Raffaello — (1906 1966)    Director and screen writer. Probably best remembered for the series of extremely popular heart tugging melodramas he directed in the 1950s, Matarazzo had begun his career in cinema as a film critic writing for, among others,… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Raffaello Matarazzo — (17 aout 1909 à Rome 17 mai 1966 à Rome) est un réalisateur, scénariste et producteur italien. Biographie Raffaello Matarazzo débute dans le métier, en 1931, aux studios romains de la Cines. Sa première mise en scène Treno… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matarazzo — is an Italian family name. Originating in Sicily, it derived from the Arabic Matrah , a place to lie down, and subsequently the Sicilian word Matarazzu , mattress. The following articles refer to this name: Andrea Matarazzo, Brazilian… …   Wikipedia

  • Raffaello Matarazzo — (Rome, August 17 1909 ndash; Rome, May 17 1966) was an Italian film maker. Biography He started writing film reviews for Roman newespaper Il Tevere before re editing scripts for the Italian film company Cines. His first films were comedies until… …   Wikipedia

  • Matarazzo — ist ein italienischer Nachname, ursprünglich aus Sizilien. Er leitet sich vom sizilianischen Wort „Matarazzu“ für Matratze ab, das auf das arabische Wort „Matrah“ (Bodenkissen) zurückgeht. Folgende Personen tragen ihn: Antonello Matarazzo (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Raffaello (disambiguation) — Infobox Given Name 2 name = Raffaello gender = Male region = Italy pronunciation = IPA it|ˌraffaiˈɛlo origin = footnotes = Raffaello, Raffaele or Raffaellino is an Italian given namePeople*Raffaello Sanzio, Italian painter and architect of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Matarazzo —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Patronymes Matarazzo est un patronyme italien, porté par les personnes suivantes, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of film directors from Italy — The following is a complete list of film directors from Italy. For a complete list of actors and actress, see: List of Italian actors and List of Italian actresses.*Alberto Abruzzese *Alessandro Pacciani *Franco Abussi *Giuseppe Accattino *Fulvio …   Wikipedia

  • Yvonne Sanson — Données clés Naissance 1er janvier 1926 Thessalonique (Grèce) Nationalité Française Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

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